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"Tridosha's The Theory Of Bio-energies"

This universe is run by three types of forces namely kinetic force, potential force and the force acting as stimulant for either of these. These forces are represented in our body in the form of three Doshas.
'Doshas' here means the forces those can disturb the body when these are not in balance. These three Doshas are named as Vata, Pitta and Kapha. These three represent the whole metabolism going on in the body.
Kinetic force has the ability to bring about the changes in the subject matter where ever it is applied. This force is represented in our body by Vata.Etymologically 'Vata' means "that which moves things." In the absence of Vata other two forces are considered to be lame, incapable to bring about any change.
It also governs our sensory and mental balance and orientation, and promotes mental adaptability and comprehension.
Potential force in our body is Kapha.Etymologically Kapha means "that which holds things together."It provides substance and gives support, and makes up the bulk of our body tissues. It also provides emotional support in life and governs such positive emotional traits as love compassion, modesty,patience, and forgiveness. In brief it is the on going anabolic process in our body.
The stimulant for kinetic or potential force to be working is Pitta. Etymologically it means "that which digest things."It is responsible for all chemical and metabolic transformations in the body. It also governs our mental digestion, our capacity to perceive reality and understand things as they are. Thus we can say Pitta represents the catabolic process going on in the body.
Dosha, dhatu and mala are the basic elements of human body. Amongst these doshas are more important. Principle of ' Purusha – lokasammit nyaya' ( Theory of macro and micro cosmos) explains that Kapha, Pitta, Vata maintain body functions, just the same moon,sun and wind do it in the nature .

Definition of Dosha: Doshas (bio–energies) are structural and functional units of human body. Vata,Pitta,Kapha do following important functions:
  • Vata – All sorts of movements in the human body.
  • Pitta – Digestion, transformation and change.
  • Kapha – Union, stability and strength.
Dosha means "that which changes." It is a word derived from the root dus, which is equivalent to the English prefix 'dys', such as in dysfunction, dystrophy, etc. In this sense, dosha can be regarded as a fault, mistake, error, or a transgression against the cosmic rhythm. The doshas are constantly moving in dynamic balance, one with the others. Doshas are required for the life to happen. In Ayurveda, dosha is also known as the governing principles as every living thing in nature is characterized by the dosha.
DoshaRelated Elements
VataAir and Ether
PittaFire and Water
KaphaWater and Earth
The three doshas According to Ayurveda, perfect health is a state where mind, body and spirit are balanced. All activities of the mind and body are governed by three biological principles or doshas -- Vata, Pitta and Kapha, each of which is made up of some of the five elements of creation or mahabhutas. Vata is mainly air and space, and governs movement in the body-the flow of blood, for example, or elimination, or breathing or thoughts flitting across the mind. Since the other two doshas, Pitta and Kapha, cannot move without Vata, Vata is considered the lead dosha. Pitta, mainly fire and water, governs heat, metabolism and transformation. Digestion is an important Pitta activity. Kapha is made up mainly of earth and water, and, accordingly, is linked to structure and moisture balance in the physiology. Among other things, Kapha controls weight and lubrication in the lungs, for example. Each of the doshas is also related to a season of the year -- Kapha with Spring, Pitta with Summer and Vata with Fall and Winter. When all of these doshas are perfectly in balance in an individual, it means that all the systems and activities of mind and body are functioning at optimal levels, and the individual, therefore, enjoys perfect health. When one or more of these doshas goes out of balance, disorders result. Some factors that can cause these doshas to become imbalanced are improper diet or eating habits, stress, pollution or the weather. Then, to restore good health, the dosha that has become imbalanced needs to be restored to its original make-up in that specific individual.
Hence to maintain health, by keeping balanced condition of tridoshas ,we must know the properties & functions of doshas.
( For properties & functions of doshas, See Our Next Post "Vata Dosha" )


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